Whats the importance of Cows in Indian Economy

We all know that our nation India has about more than 70 percent area in rural. 60 percent of the nation’s population directly or indirectly depends on agriculture. So, Agriculture is the backbone of India’s economy.

Only when primary sector (Agriculture) is efficient, the secondary (Industries/Manufacturing) & tertiary (Services) can perform well. It is not new to hear the plight of Indian farmers. Between 2012-2014, more than 3000 farmers have committed suicide.

Does it pays justice to the India as a nation whose 70 percent part is rural. But wait this article is about cow. Right ?

Ancient India

Cow in Ancient India
Cow in Ancient India

Tracing the history of this magnificent creature, we turned to ancient India till present times. Indian indigenous cow was worshiped in India since ancient times, due to many scientific reasons. Agriculture was the major economic force of India and almost every major Indian festival was related to a agriculture activity.

Indian Cow has been a symbol of wealth for people of India. The cow dung has been used as source of fuel and fertilizer for Indian farmers. It was all organic and produced high yielding crops. Cow was the only base of sustainable agriculture with environment friendly practices. In fact, cow was regarded more than gold at that time. Krishna used to herd cows and had very high regard for them. Guru Nanak Dev Ji also spent a lot of time to herd cows.

Indian Cow’s Milk = Mother’s Milk

On the other hand, the milk of Indian cow is found to be most nourishing. It is advised by doctors that infants should drink milk of his/her mother only. Cow, being a mammal gives milk for her calves but it shares her milk with the people for there welfare. Today we can make curd, cream, butter, and around 30 more food items with milk. Due to cross breeding today, there are two types of milk that cows give now – A1 & A2. The primitive cows in India have got A2 protein which has same quality and nutrition as mother’s milk. Hence the status of mother or Gau Mata was given to her.

Cow was considered part of one’s family. Ralph Fitch,merchant of England and one of the earliest English travelers to India wrote a letter home in 1580 stating, “They have a very strange order among them – they worship a cow and esteem much of the cow’s dung to paint the walls of their houses … They eat no flesh, but live by roots and rice and milk.”

Mughal Period

When Mughals came to India, they had a tradition of killing goats and sheep as sacrifice on Bakri-Eid. Cow was new to them as there were no cows in Arab countries. Slowly, they began to sacrifice cow. But later all the Mughal rulers prohibited killing of cows except Aurangzeb. He was considered to be the most cruel ruler among Mughals. The last Mughal ruler Bahadur Shah Zafar also banned the cow slaughter.

British destroyed Indian Economic Growth

When British came to India and explored all over the subcontinent, they found that they cannot rule the country directly. Indian economy was strongly held by Indian cow and Organic Agriculture and Indian education system was fully based on values, science, Gurukul system deeply rooted in the culture. Governor of British India Robert Clive made an extensive research on the agriculture here. He found that :

  • Cows were the basis of Indian agriculture and agriculture in India cannot be executed without the help of cow.
  • To break the Backbone of Indian agriculture cows had to be eliminated.

First Slaughter House & Beef

Slaughter House during British Rule
Slaughter House during British Rule

So the first slaughterhouse in India was started in 1760 in Kolkata, which killed about 30,000 Indian cows per day, so at least one crore cows were eliminated in an year’s time. It was used by British soldiers as food or traded to England. Beef became the main food of British in India. When Indian agriculture faced a backslash, they introduced commercial farming full of chemicals and fertilizers and made it another industry of trade. They destroyed the complete economic system of India by this action. Also to completely stop growth of Indian indigenous cows, they imported jersey and cross bred with Indian breeds of cows.

Indian Cows vs Jersey

Indian Cow vs Jersey
Indian Cow vs Jersey

Today most of the dairies across India produce milk from Jersey cows. Jersey breeds cannot be considered as cows, as these are originally a breed of a wild animal named URUS. People of Europe hunted this wild animal for good quality and quantity of meat. Shocking fact is that even today the milk of these animals are not used directly for consumption in Europe because the milk of these animals contain a poisonous chemical called CASOMORPHINE. At this point of time, saving Indian indigenous cow is the matter of urgency for nation’s health because no food is complete without milk.

After 1947

First Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru feeding the Cow
First Prime Minister of India Jawahar Lal Nehru feeding the Cow
Congress Election Symbol
Congress Election Symbol

After 1947, Indian National Congress used cow and her calf as there party election symbol during Indira Gandhi’s time to connect with Indian masses. But from 350 slaughter houses in India in 1947, it has increased to more than 36000 today. In 1947, population of India was 30 crores and cows were about 120 crores. As per 2014, there are 120 crore people and just 20 crore cows left in India. India is the highest exporter of beef in the world as per 2015. Ignorant experts of economics fail to understand the value of alive cow. A live cow can generate 100 times more money by her valuable products than dead. Just one cow can fertilize one acre of land. If a farmer just spend one-third of the total money he spend on fertilizers,  he can keep the cow and also produce high yielding crops which has double the output value, both in terms of quality and quantity.

Beef – Nutrition or Taste

Comparing the nutrition values of beef to raw soya found that soya has more nutrition values than the beef – Be it proteins or carbohydrates.

Beef vs Soya
Beef vs Soya



Indian Cruisine
Indian Cruisine

Coming to taste and variety, on November 2, 2010, in an event of World’s Largest Food Festival in Ahmedabad, Gujarat – 5,600 dishes were prepared with all taste types by the Art of Living Foundation. On this land, where we can have so much variety of food in every state of India, why to go for beef, which actually has no nutrition or taste.

Save Indian Cow, Save Nation

Save Indian Cow
Save Indian Cow

If we, one as a nation wants to progress and be in the lead, we have to go together – urban or rural. 70 percent of our rural & our farmers need to get rid of agriculture problems. If we just focus on revival of our Indian cows, we can save our entire future generations. Use of Indian cows in Agriculture giving growth to organics, getting rid of chemicals and saving their money, happy farmers, better output value in market. & guess what, we all eat what is grown in our farms. So it helps us, our health, our economy.

If nation altogether is empowered, we all can live happy, every single section of the society gets the benefit.

Further Readings



  • Pingback: Quora()

  • Pingback: Quora()

  • Pingback: Quora()

  • Pingback: Quora()

  • Indian

    Wonderful article

  • Pingback: Indian Cow & the Economy - Bharat Rise - En...()

  • Vijen Mehta

    A booster of economy and the prestige of Bharat, both at the same time. I wonder sometimes, a waste from an animal’s body in this case, cowdung, can be so useful that there are now cars running in Japan from cowdung as source. If the waste is so useful that even now electricity is generated from cow urine. Now, one can estimate the richness of milk then. In Gujarat, few students have found traces of Gold from cow’s urine.
    Friends, wherever I mentioned cow, I meant Holy and Pious Bharatiya GauMata and their progeny…

    (How can someone think of making their stomach a graveyard from the meat of such Pious Animal)…

    Jai Bharat. Jai GauMata

    • Gaurav Garg

      I am sure if there are people like you, everyone in India will understand the value of the cow and her role in our lives. 🙂

  • AS

    This thing forgets to add a critical part.. There were crazy subsidies created by the pseudo secular govt that gave easy money for people to start slaughter houses and None for people to run Gau shalas or dairy farms.. as they favored their ‘muslim’ vote bank. the Beef drama needs to be better understood. Its not about whats happening now.. its about undo-ing what damage has been done by past govt policies where the country that gave birth to expression Holy Cow is the one that has largest beef exports.. it was not by fair business practices but by malicious unbalanced rules & regulations.

    • Gaurav Garg

      Very True AS ! I find some links in the end about Subsidies and all. Congress could have managed to control the damage at that time if they wished but they were not at all interested in the growth of the nation.

  • AS

    Who is the author? We need to rewrite this better..

  • Mehul

    Apart from Cow, Bull and Bullocks are also useful. Till 1960 cost of fertilizers and tractors was zero because of Bulls. It is Nehru’s model of development where today our agriculture totally depended upon fertilizer, diesel, pesticides which were otherwise free of cost available from cow-family animals.

    • Gaurav Garg

      Very True ! But now we must arise and awaken our youth. Action starts with right knowledge 🙂

    • Raman Venmarathoor

      Please also check the through put (returns in KG or ton per acre/hectare). No that I believe it has done anything other than generate more food. And I do concur on the idea that in appropriate usage of pesticides & fertilizers has destroyed cultivating land.. But also modern technology and dams and canals has also expanded the cultivated area.

      Now coming to domesticated cows & farms would you rather omit your education and work on your farms with your cows & bullocks?

  • CA Nirmalkumar Ojha

    I have another information that USA has already given 135 patents to the medicines prepared using deshi cow dang and dairy products, which includes pentents cancer, diabetes, asthama, etc,and further research is under process for more than 50 medicines

    • Gaurav Garg

      Please do share some links or references for the public if you have any 🙂

  • Raman Venmarathoor

    Something found over the internet.. (on an indian express column/article)

    At popular level, Swami Vivekananda confirms the findings of historians like Prof D.N.Jha, who traces the history of beef consumption in Vedic times. Swamiji points out, “You will be astonished if I tell you that, according to old ceremonials, he is not a good Hindu who does not eat beef. On certain occasions, he must sacrifice a bull and eat it.”

    [Vivekananda speaking at the Shakespeare Club, Pasadena, California, USA (2 February 1900) on the theme of ‘Buddhistic India’, cited in Swami Vivekananda, The Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda, Vol 3 (Calcutta: Advaita Ashram, 1997), p. 536.]

    This is corroborated by other research works sponsored by the Ramakrishna Mission established by Swami Vivekananda himself. One of these reads: “The Vedic Aryans, including the Brahmans, ate fish, meat and even beef. A distinguished guest was honoured with beef served at a meal. Although the Vedic Aryans ate beef, milch cows were not killed. One of the words that designated cow was aghnya (what shall not be killed). But a guest was a goghna (one for whom a cow is killed). It is only bulls, barren cows and calves that were killed.”

    [C. Kunhan Raja, ‘Vedic Culture’, cited in the series, Suniti Kumar Chatterji and others (eds.), The Cultural Heritage of India, Vol 1 (Calcutta: The Ramakrishna Mission, 1993), 217.]

    PS: BTW I’m a strict vegan…

    • Utkarsh

      Raman you quoted half the text which is very misleading. The complete quote is:- “You will be astonished if I tell you that, according to the old ceremonials, he is not a good Hindu who does not eat beef. On certain occasions he must sacrifice a bull and eat it. That is disgusting now. However they may differ from each other in India, in that they are all one — they never eat beef. The ancient sacrifices and the ancient gods, they are all gone; modern India belongs to the spiritual part of the Vedas.”

      Source: http://www.swamivivekanandaquotes.org/2013/12/swami-vivekanandas-quotes-and-comments_25.html

  • Pingback: What commitments you will take on this World Food Day ?()